Does this mean you don't think feminism needs to concern itself with issues of race and class? Srsly?
I think femininism should centre women. It should concern itself with race and class but primarily in so far as they affect women.
If feminism widens its brief and becomes about race and class in general, then it's more humanitarianism or a civil rights movement. It becomes just a vague 'here's a movement for all the people who are marginalised and oppressed'.
Intersectional feminism was, quite rightly, intended to raise up the voices of black and working class women. It's obvious feminists should look at how the other axes of oppression affect women, but I think intersectionality has displaced women's oppression from the centre of feminism. It seems to say that there is nothing meaningful to be said about sex based oppression in itself.
You can talk about how different axes of oppression impact women differently; it's important to do so. But it's quite another to say that because of those different axes, there is nothing we can say about the oppression of women as a class. I think intersectionality obscures the material and sex based nature of women's oppression. It spreads itself too thin.
I think it's a sign of female socialisation that women are expected to look after everyone's needs and not just their own. And the patriarchy is pretty much kept in place by socialising female people to centre the needs of male people. I'm always struck by the fact that intersectional feminism is popular with men.
I don't think genuine intersectionality was intended to centre men but that's how it's gone.
If you include people who are not female in the centre of feminism, the political project of feminism will end up not challenging many aspects of the institutional mechanism of male power. Which is why much feminism today seems to support sex work and sees pornography as empowering.
I'm also struck by the fact that intersectional feminism is popular in the USA. And yet look at women's rights in the USA - way behind us on abortion and contraception, few maternity rights, and still has child marriage in some states.
I can't think of another movement that is expected to centre the needs of the people who oppress it. Black activism doesn't agitate for the needs of white people. Socialism doesn't campaign for the rich. No-one expects disabled groups to consider the needs of the able bodied. Heck, even The Dogs Trust don't look after cats.
I heard that, but Aurora's claim is a bit of a leap from there.
The study was performed by online store OnBuy.com, who asked 2,563 people to choose their favourite British comedians, before having 120 volunteers watch a random selection of those chosen whilst a microphone monitored every laugh of 60 decibels or more.
The results were taken from home-watching, rather than a live environment.
Interestingly enough, the only non-male comedians to feature on the list were Sarah Millican and gender-fluid Eddie Izzard.
As an aside, not sure where this leaves athletes like Castor Semenya (obvs she is not transgender, but has a dsd). Suggests she can now compete as she won't need to take drugs to lower her testosterone.
Sex refers to biology, and gender refers to social role or self-identification. In sport, the definition of male and female used to be based solely on sex. This was assessed anatomically in the 1960s, then by biological tests such as the presence of a structure called a “Barr body” in cells (found only in genetic females), or the gene for testicular development.
Sex determination was abandoned in the 1990s in favour of gender. From the 2000 Sydney Olympics forwards, there were no tests of gender other than self-identification.